The only dentists who specialize in braces are orthodontists. Orthodontic treatment can be used to correct a variety of dental problems, including crooked teeth and jaw misalignment. The American Association of Orthodontists (AAO) estimates that more than 1 million people are currently undergoing some form of orthodontic treatment. The AAO also reports that about 40 percent of children have malocclusion or bite problems.
This means that one in every two kids has an issue with their bites. The most common types of orthodontic treatments include:
• Braces – Braces straighten your teeth by applying pressure on them using metal brackets and wires attached to each tooth. They are usually worn for 2-3 years until they are removed during a second visit.
• Invisalign – Invisalign uses clear plastic trays made specifically for you to move your teeth into better positions. You wear these trays over your teeth for 21 hours per day for 22 days. After this time, you remove the trays and replace them with new ones.
• Clear aligners – Clear aligners use a series of removable appliances to gradually reposition your teeth into the best position. These aligners are custom-made for you based on a 3D scan of your mouth.